The setting of your Super Fantasy game might be relatively homogenous or a diverse cosmos with countless cultures. The more varied your cultures, the more languages will exist allowing people to converse in a multitude of languages by speaking, writing, gesturing, or other forms of communication.

Your race indicates the languages your character can speak by default, and your background might give you access to one or more additional languages of your choice. Note these languages on your character sheet.

Choose your languages from the Languages list, or choose one that is common in your campaign setting. With your GM’s permission, you can instead choose an ancient, alien, magical, or even shadow language. Scholars are especially suited to read ancient languages, and those who have magical aptitude may rely on the words of a magical language.

Shadow languages are spoken only by the initiated, including Druidic and Thieves' Cant. They are not known by common people or even scholars. Following is a list of many shadow tongues with a description of those whom most commonly speak them.

Some of these languages are actually families of languages with many dialects. For example, the Primordial language includes the Auran, Aquan, Ignan, and Terran dialects, one for each of the four elemental planes. Creatures that speak different dialects of the same language can communicate with one another.

Whenever a creature's language is said to be "common", that means that the creature knows the local vernacular—the most common tongue spoken in the area it's from.

The Languages given here assume you're setting is the Earth with some added fantasy and science fiction elements. While alien, faerie, and cryptid languages are given, they may fit in very different groups in your setting.

Language Groups

There are thousands of languages to choose from. A few are listed here, sorted into their general language groups.

A language’s group doesn’t affect the learning of languages, but it can matter when using the Natural Linguist class feature.

This list is by no means exhaustive—there are many more language groups, and most groups contain more languages than those listed here. Languages listed in multiple categories have roots in more than one language group.

Language is complex. Some languages, however, are spoken only and have no written form. Some are written only. Some, like Chinese, are written forms of multiple spoken languages.

There are also ancient languages that are preserved in writing but have not been spoken culturally in centuries.


  • Afro-Asiatic (Hamito-Semitic): Archaic Egyptian1,3, Coptic1, Hausa, Kabyle, Masri (Egyptian Arabic), Middle Egyptian1, Tamazight, Tarifit (Riffi).
  • Alien. Flatwood4, Green4, Grey4, Hopkinsville Goblinish4.
  • Algic: Algonquian, Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Shawnee.
  • Armenian: Armenian.
  • Athabaskan: Apachean, Chipewyan, Navajo.
  • Attic: Ancient Greek1,3, Atlantean, Greek.
  • Baltic: Latvian, Lithuanian.
  • Celestial: Celestial3, Elvish3, Grey4, Lupine2, Sylvan3, Titanic1,3, Yokai.
  • Celtic: Gaelic (Irish), Gaelic (Scots), Welsh, Druidic2,3.
  • Chinese: Cantonese, Mandarin.
  • Draconic: Draconic3, Dwarfish3, Titanic1,3.
  • Finno-Lappic: Estonian, Finnish, Lapp.
  • Germanic: Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Flemish, German, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Yiddish, Dwarfish3, Gnomish.
  • Indic: Hindi, Punjabi, Sanskrit1, Urdu.
  • Infernal: Abyssal3, Goblin, Infernal3
  • Iranian: Farsi, Pashto.
  • Japanese: Japanese, Yokai.
  • Khoisan: Ju, Nama, Sandawe.
  • Korean: Korean.
  • Niger-Congo: Aziz3, Dogul Dom, Fon, Fulfulde, Igbo, Kinya-rwanada, Swahili, Xhosa, Yoruba, Zulu.
  • Nilo-Saharan: Berta, Fur, Kanuri, Kara, Masalit, Songhay, Teda.
  • Primordial: Primordial3
  • Romance: French, Italian, Latin1,3, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Goblin, Ogrish.
  • Semitic: Akkadian (aka Babylonian)1,3, Ancient Hebrew1, Arabic, Aramaic1, Hebrew, Phoenician1,3, Zumic.
  • Slavic: Belorussian, Bulgarian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Ukrainian.
  • Thieves' Cant: Thieves' Cant2
  • Tibeto-Burman: Burmese, Sherpa, Tibetan.
  • Turkic: Azerbaijani, Turkish, Uzbek.
  • Ugric: Hungarian (aka Magyar).

1 This is an ancient language. In the modern world it is spoken only by scholars, or in some cases by small populations in isolated corners of the world.
2 This is a shadow tongue. You cannot take this language unless you are of an associated people group or have pierced the Veil.
3 This is a magic language which can be used to cast spells or communicate with creatures not considered to have a language or even the capacity for speech.
4 This is an alien language not commonly spoken on Earth but prevalent among those living on other planets.

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License